“Being self-employed can be great in terms of flexibility and freedom, but it is a double-edged sword,” said Tim Walker, Head of Brewin Dolphin in Exeter, “Employees who go freelance miss out on employee based benefits such as life and health insurance and pensions, and many do not know how to replace them. By maximising the tax savings from self-employment, Britain’s new army of freelancers can maximise their income and ensure that they are ready to have a happy retirement too. Freelancers shouldn’t have to work ‘til they drop.”
Here are six tips for maximising self-employment income and savings:
Employers’ contributions to your pension fund abruptly cease when you leave the company, so it is important not to stick your head in the sand over pension payments. “The tax relief on your pension is still valuable, so set up your own pension as soon as you can,” advises Tim Walker. Tax relief for higher-rate taxpayers is 40% on pension contributions.
If another member of your family of working age is not using his or her full tax allowance, employing them in the family business could help to save tax. “Their salary would be an allowable expense to you, and would allow them to use the current tax allowance of £10,000. “Admin and bookkeeping are popular ways of employing a spouse or adult child,” says Tim Walker. “Ensure that they are doing enough work to justify the salary you are paying though, otherwise the taxman will take a very dim view.”
You can offset the cost of running your business against income to reduce your taxable profit. There are full details here http://www.hmrc.gov.uk/factsheets/expenses-allowances.pdf
If you open a limited company you can pay yourself dividends and salary, and an accountant can help you to set the balance between these two forms of payment at the most beneficial level, so that you do not pay too much National Insurance. “Make sure you understand how this works before paying yourself from your limited company,” counselled Tim Walker.
If your turnover of VAT taxable goods and services supplied within the UK for the previous 12 months is more than the current registration threshold of £81,000, or you expect it to go over that figure in the next 30 days, you must register for VAT. Not doing so will leave you with fines and a nasty bill from the taxman. “Registering for VAT can be beneficial for tax purposes,” says Tim Walker.
If you are VAT registered, you will have to charge VAT on your goods and services (known as output tax). However, you will also be able to reclaim VAT that you are charged by other businesses. This is known as input tax. As long as your input tax exceeds your output tax in a given period, you will be able to reclaim the difference from HMRC. Note that once you are registered for VAT there are penalties for late filing and payment, as well as significant amounts of paperwork; but failing to register is one of the most common causes of new business failures.
The aim of most entrepreneurs should be to have an exit plan and selling your business can provide the capital security you need to finally hang up your boots. For those that structure their business properly, up to £10m of Entrepreneurs Relief is available. This can reduce the CGT liability from 28% to 10% on the sale.
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